K-Lifestyle Wiki

Republic of Korea

South Korea Overview (As of 2017)
Country NameRepublic of KoreaStandard Time9 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time
Capital CitySeoul (since 1394)Population51.42 million
National AnthemAegukga
National FlagTaegeukgiPolitical SystemLiberal democracy; presidential system
National FlowerMugunghwa
(Rose of Sharon)
LanguageKorean; HangeulPresidentMoon Jae-in (since 2017)
Land Size100,364 km2Economic
- GDP: USD 1,616.4 billion
- Per Capita GNI: USD 29,745
- GDP Growth Rate: 3.1%
- Currency: Won
  (USD 1=KRW 1,070.5)
Geographical LocationThe Korean Peninsula
(lat. 33˚ - 43˚; long. 124˚ - 132˚)


Archaeologists think that people started settling in the Korean Peninsula around B.C.700,000, during the Paleolithic Age. South Korea’s 2017 population was estimated at 51.42 million, and according to the 2017 Population and Housing Census, 49.6% of the population resided in the Seoul metropolitan area. This was up by 0.5% from 49.1% in 2010, showing a distinct trend towards concentration of population in the capital.
Meanwhile, the country’s low birth rate has emerged as a serious social problem. The total fertility rate, which represents the average number of children that a woman can have throughout her lifetime, stood at 1.17 in 2016. The figure fell after rebounding from a record low of 1.08 in 2005, thanks to the government’s measures to encourage childbirth. The number of newborns in 2016 was also the lowest at 406,300. Meanwhile the life expectancy of South Koreans reached to 82.1 years (as of 2016), higher than the OECD average.
The international migration of South Koreans began at the end of the 19th century and the early 20th century with people leaving for China and Russia. Around the mid-20th century after the 1945 Liberation of Korea, the
United States was their main destination, though Koreans also started to emigrate to diverse regions around the world including Europe, the Middle East, and South America.
As a result, the number of overseas Koreans amounted to 7.4 million (2016) spread across 194 countries. Statistics showed that the largest number of expatriate Koreans were in China (2.55 million), followed by the United States (2.49 million), Japan (820,000), and Canada (240,000).
Since 2011, the net inflow of population has outnumbered the net outflow. The number of foreign nationals residing or working in the country has increased dramatically, particularly since 2000. According to Statistics Korea, 407,000 foreign nationals arrived in the country in 2016, the net outflow totaled 75,000, which was up by 14,000 YoY, while 714,000 foreign nationals arrived in the country. Regarding the purpose of their arrival in the country, employment (31.8%) topped the list, followed by short-term stay (30.4%), study (13.1%), and arrivals of overseas Koreans (12.8%). In particular, the number of foreign nationals who enter South Korea for study or training jumped by 30.1% YoY, the largest figure since 2000 (as of 2016).

Source: Korean Culture and Information Service 'Facts about Korea'

ReplyPlease leave a comment about any information you wanted to add!
Lyudmila Romanov
3 years ago

The national anthem,Aegukga, was first commissioned by Emperor Gojong in 1901 and presented to the Korean court on 1 July 1902, by German composer Franz Eckert, who was the director of the Korean Empire's military band at the time. It was published in Germany in five different languages (Korean, German, English, Chinese, and French) and performed for the first time on 9 September 1902, during Emperor Gojong's birthday ceremony.

Willy Liman
3 years ago

#Fact15 Natural resources South Korea produces coal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, and has potential for hydropower.Land use Arable land: 15.3% Permanent crops: 2.2% Permanent pasture: 0.6% Forest: 63.9% Other: 18.0% Irrigated land 8,804 km² Total renewable water resources69.7 km3 Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) Total: 25.47 km3/yr (26%/12%/62%) Per capita: 548.7 m3/yr

Kyle Newman
3 years ago

Korea now is a cultural and content powerhouse💪💪💪💪

Willy Liman
3 years ago

#Fact14 As South Korea is not yet a worldwide popular vacation destination like its neighbors China and Japan, you will find untouched rural areas giving insight into traditional Korean lifestyle. While around 20% of all South Koreans live in and near Seoul, it’s especially the small rural villages where you can find peace and quiet. The well-connected railway and express bus systems make it easy to also explore the less visited areas of the country. You’ll be surprised that you can find lush rice terraces and hidden temples right here in South Korea.

Willy Liman
3 years ago

#Fact13 Koreans are very proud of their unique cuisine. This is another result of the country’s natural isolation and climate leading to particular food preparation methods. Take kimchi, for example, the country’s number one side dish made from salted and fermented vegetables that are kept in jars for months, one of many practices used to protect food during harsh winters. Over the centuries, Koreans have created a fascinating and rich food culture made up of meat dishes, stews, soups, noodle dishes, seafood and many vegetable side dishes. Visit South Korea and you should spend an entire day roaming street markets sampling your way through this concert of flavors.

Willy Liman
3 years ago

#Fact12 Contrast to its historic landmarks, South Korea is a pioneer in creating new and innovative structures. Looking at Seoul, for example, you are surrounded by futuristic buildings in one part of the city, such as the Dongdaemun Design Plaza by Zaha Hadid, while traditional hanok neighborhoods lie just around the corner. Earlier this year, Seoul proudly opened the world’s fifth largest skyscraper piercing majestically out of the ground overlooking the Han River. It comes with little surprise that some of the world’s leading companies are also located here, including Samsung, Hyundai and Kia.

Willy Liman
3 years ago

#Fact11 Buddha’s Birthday is another major holiday celebrated in May with lantern parades and performances at local temples, while in fall, Koreans celebrate their own version of Thanksgiving during Chuseok and honor their ancestors during proudly conducted ceremonies. In fact, there are festivals in every month of the year for every taste.

Willy Liman
3 years ago

#Fact10 Every year, there are more festivals in South Korea than one could attend, with a couple of main festivities everyone likes to join in with. When the snow melts and the weather gets warmer, pink and white cherry blossoms transform South Korea into a magical wonderland for a short period at the beginning of spring, and thousands of people come to see the blossoms from all over the country.

Willy Liman
3 years ago

#Fact9 South Korea has a long history dating back over a thousand years. Due to the natural isolation of the Korean Peninsula, the country’s culture hasn’t changed as much as in other regions. Still today, you can stand in awe of some of the most significant cultural heritage sites of the country, such as Gyeongbokgung Palace, the main palace situated in Seoul. The city of Gyeongju is also a place of historic value and is often called a ‘museum without walls’. Gyeongju was the capital of Korea during the Silla Dynasty from 57 BC – 935 AD and is home to countless royal tombs, palaces, and temples that are listed as UNESCO World Heritage sites.

Alselin Adiba
3 years ago

South Korea consists of 1 special city (Teukbyeolsi; 특별시; 特別 市), 6 Metropolitan Cities (Gwangyeoksi; 광역시; 廣域 市), and 9 Provinces (do; 도; 道). - Special City: Seoul - Special Autonomous City: Sejong - Metropolitan City: Busan, Daegu, Incheon, Gwangju, Daejeon, Ulsan. - Provinces: Gyeonggi, Gangwon, North Chungcheong, South Chungcheong, North Jeolla, South Jeolla, South Gyeongsang, Jeju.